Frederick FN Noronha फ्रेड्रिक नोरोन्या *فريدريك نورونيا
2013-10-23 23:34:17 UTC
There are hardly any references online to this old style of calculating
paddy yields, field sizes and seed-inputs required for cultivation.
A friend (who knows his farming) share with me the following details. Would
really appreciate your inputs:
A *khandi* is a measure of volume; not of weight. Strangely enough, it is
connected with land-area too, specially when it comes to cultivating paddy
in the field.
The conversion is as below:
Two pileo = One kudov
20 kudov = 1 khandi
Five kudov is approx 25 kgs (when converted into weight, but can vary,
because this is basically a measure of volume). One khandi is approx 90-100
kgs in weight, and again this depends on the variety of paddy grown, as
each can vary in thickness, husk size, weight, etc.
So to cultivate a 2000 sq.m. field, farmers would estimate, for instance,
that it would take 10 kudov of seed to plant. The 10 kudov here refers to
the seed-input required to plant the entire field (not the resultant
If a field requiring 5 kudov to plant could give a yield of 5 khandi (a
20-fold yield), it was considered to be a very good field.
While this form of measurement might seem "unscientific" and "non-matric"
to us today, I'm sure it had its advantages in its own time. Any comments
would be appreciated. Kindly correct me if the figures above are incorrect,
or the understanding skewed. The next time someone searching for an
explanation of a *khandi*, at least they will have some discussion to go
by, online. FN
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