2014-10-20 08:07:23 UTC
Multi-talented machine that does not just harvesting but cutting, threshing, processing, winnowing, splitting, discharging waste (straw), storing processed paddy grains into storage tank, offloading or bagging etc
First seen in Goa around 2009 (watch video clip 2010, see link below)
Now, there are about 20 such combined harvesters in Goa.
The machine can harvest one acre (4,000 sq m) per hour.
The harvesting of eight acres can be done in a day.
It can save on manual cost (Labour -Men/women, Manai / Kameri) by upto one third.
e.g. If traditional manual harvesting was costing say Rs.6,000, the harvester can reduced it to up to Rs.2000 only as the machine does the job of cutting, threshing, winnowing, sorting and even bagging.
It?s holding tank capacity is about 12 full sacks or 5 Hundi, or 1,500 L capacity
This machine technology necessarily means ? No ?Manai?, No ?Kamerio?, (labourers)
No ?Bhoum? No Bullocks (boil / Bulls) for threshing or ?boum? etc etc
Traditional harvesting is a process of 3-4 days which ends with 'bhoum'
?Bhoum? is the traditional final process of paddy threshing which
usually done few days after the main harvesting/Threshing.
Bhoum involves use of bullocks, drying of hay (tonn) and hay-stacking (Kullem / kuttor ?) etc
In Goa, Farmers pays for Harvester Rs.2,200 per hour out as rent of which Rs.1000 paid by the Govt. as subsidy.
Note: Mechanised harvesting may mean no or minimum straw / Hay-stack or tonn or kullem which is used as cattle fodder - Cows/Bulls - see last pic
Combined harvester costing Rs. 20 - 25 lacs having about 17 motors / belts inside and its one main replacement belt itself cost Rs.1.30 lacs.
Mostly seen machines in Goa are CLAAS Crop Tiger 30, 20 etc
Video Oct 2014
Pics of 2010
Check this 4in1 pic
Traditional Harvesting/ threshing / Winnowing / Bhoum etc
Typical village life
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Joegoauk at yahoo.co.uk
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